RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN ORGANISATION AND MANAGEMENT
A successful business is not able to lack of a good management as well as manager.
The manager has important effect to activities in trading and makes profit for business.
A manager who controls employees’ duty and acquires goals from employees by making decision, assigning resource and directing activities.
Also, the successful manager should perform four functions such as planning, organizing , leading and controlling.
Besides that, organisational behaviour holds important role in business as well as in management.
It is known as a study how individuals, groups and structure effect and are influenced by behaviour in organisations and the knowledge is applied to individuals, groups and structure to improve or make more effectively for organizations.
DIFFERENCE BETWEEN ORGANISATION AND MANAGEMENT:
1. ‘Organisation’ is the structure by
which a harmonious inter-relation is
established between the workers and
2. Through organisation authority and
responsibility are delegated. These are
3. Organisation is one of the various
functions of management. As a part of
management, organisation helps it to
execute its other functions.
4. Organisation acts as a tool in the
hands of the managers.
5. Organisation aims at performing the
planned activities through creating
proper work environment.
6. The setting up of effective
organisation structure depends
on efficient management.
7. Organisation may be regarded as
the hands of human body.
1. ‘Management’ is the executive process
of getting works accomplished by the
2. The functions of management are
3. Management is the sum total of several
activities—making plan, setting up
organisation, giving command and
direction, motivating the employees,
coordinating and controlling various
functions of the enterprise.
4. With the help of organisation the
managers perform their duties and
5. The objective of management is to
supervise the accomplishment of work of
the subordinate employees and to give
necessary direction for getting the desired
result for achieving the pre-determined
6. Efficient management largely depends
on strong organisation.
7. Management may be compared to the
whole human body.
Understanding the relationship between management and organisation is very useful for leadership.
Also, it helps managers be able to face with difficulties in organisations and can find out some best methods to resolve those.
Only by having a thorough grasp of theory and practice, managers can administrate more productively such as facing with global changing, improving services, managing diversity, empowering people, deviant workplace and job satisfaction.
From that, organisations may run smoothly and for higher benefits through perceiving roles, components and their effects in organisations.
E-commerce is a narrower part of e-business dealing with the purchase and sale of goods and services over the internet, including support activities such as marketing and customer support.
The ability to made transaction for personal or professional use over the internet is known as electronic commerce or e-commerce (Coursaris, et al., 2003).
Chaffey (2007) defined e-commerce as “The exchange of information across electronic networks, at any stage in the supply chain, whether within an Organization, between businesses, between businesses and consumers or between the public and private sector, whether paid or unpaid.”
Types of E-Commerce:
Adam (2003) categorized e-commerce in 4 categories which are
i) Business-to-Business (B2B)
Business-to-business e-commerce deals between the businesses or among the businesses.
Most of B2B applications are used in the area of distribution management, inventory management, channel management, supplier management and payment management.
ii) Business to-Consumer(B2C)
Business-to-Consumer ecommerce is involved between the businesses and the consumers.
Most of B2C e-commerce deals with purchasing of physical goods like books or any consumer product, information goods like software, e-book, games, song etc., and personal finance management like e-banking
iii) Consumer-to-Consumer (C2C)
Consumer-to-Consumer e-commerce deals between individual consumers.
Online auction and peer-to-peer system for money or file exchange could be the examples of C2C e-commerce. Business-to-Government e-commerce is involved between the business organizations and the government.
iv) Business-to-Government (B2G)
B2G is generally used for licensing process, public purchasing and other government operations.
Though this type of ecommerce is insignificant compare to other kind of e-commerce, but it could be a driving force for operating public sectors which is refer as e-governance.
E-commerce can further be classified in following categories:
ii) Government-to- Government
Human Resource Development:
i) IT training
ii) Establish IT University
iii) Harmonize standards for training institutes
iv) Larger access to computers/internet through cyber cafes
Significance of E-COMMERCE:
Despite being a poor country, selected segments of the Bangladeshi business community has embraced technology with reasonable success.
The Facsimile in the 1980‟s and mobile telephones in the 1990‟s popularized modern technology in the mass market. Personal computers and the Internet are also emerging as day-to-day business tools.
These positive indicators are favoring the prospects of e-commerce in Bangladesh.
The focus of this paper was on the current state of the regulatory environment in the financial and technological sectors of Bangladesh.
Necessary reforms in order to introduce e-commerce have also been suggested. Lack of awareness among the policymakers has been identified as the major deterrent to introducing e-commerce.
Conventional understanding of payment mechanisms raises false alarms against the flight of capital if e-commerce is implemented.
Synergy between telecommunications and information technology has the proven capability of monitoring and administering the real-time transactions.
Therefore, liberalizing the telecom and IT sectors as well as reforming the country’s financial andcommercial procedures is the preconditions of successfully implementing ecommerce in Bangladesh.
Limitations of E-COMMERCE:
Although the study will address numerous benefits, explores the state of perceptions of different business organizational categories, it is still unanswered that which of the benefits significantly affect, and in what extent, the intention of the adoption of e-commerce, may be considered as the limitation of the study.
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